The manifestation of this disease can be found both in children and in sufficiently adult people. However, children's bruxism is more common and is noted in 50% of cases. Today it is difficult to say how many people suffer from this disease, as most of them are unaware that they are creaking teeth in a dream.
Bruxism and its manifestation
Involuntary squeezing of the jaws, caused by a contraction of the masticatory muscles and accompanied by a grinding of teeth, is called bruxism. The duration of the rattle can be a few seconds or 2-3 minutes. At the time of the onset of attacks of the disease, pulse, breathing, and pressure problems may occur.
Bruxism is usually attributed to the type of dental diseases that must be very difficult and long to heal. There is no single medical method or preparation, which you can instantly and permanently recover from, by taking it. Bruxism therapy consists of several components, such as dressing a special dental cap for the night, Botox injections, treatment in patients with damaged teeth, restoring calm of the nervous system, regular intake of vitamins and auto-training. Correctly choose the treatment complex can only doctor. Do not self-medicate so as not to harm the body even more.
The mechanism of the appearance of bruxism is excessive tension in the sleep of the chewing muscles of the face, which prevents the jaw from returning to its normal position.
The causes of bruxism can be.
Malocclusion. This deviation needs to be corrected as soon as possible, as soon as the parents notice its manifestation in the child. To start should see a dentist, which can put a properly selected bite regulator, such as staples or special braces. It is also worth explaining to a child why a correct bite is so important for his health and what is fraught with a violation of oral hygiene rules. In order to further avoid the occurrence of such problems, the child must learn to eat properly, chewing food thoroughly.
Gum disease. In this case, the child complains of discomfort and itching, forcing him to make movements in his sleep, similar to scratching his teeth against each other, in order to stop him. To help, you can rinse baby's mouth with infusion of chamomile or oak bark. After that, you should monitor the condition of the child. If after some time the symptoms do not disappear, you need to contact your dentist, who will deal with more serious treatment.
Not enough load on the teeth. It is very important for the child to load the muscles of the jaw with simple products such as apples, carrots and other fruits and vegetables. Regular chewing excellent training important chewing muscles, contributing to their relaxation and rest during sleep and preventing bruxism.
Hyper-excitability. Due to the effect on the nervous system of a child of irritants such as TV, computer games and others, at the end of the day it may be excessively overloaded. So before you go to bed, baby can be given warm milk, read a good fairy tale, make a relaxing massage.When overexcited, tooth gnashing occurs because the child, even in a dream, continues to feel the effects of stimuli, which are the main cause of the development of children's bruxism.
Stress. Some problem in the family or school can have a negative effect on the emotional mood of the child. This will cause him to experience discomfort during his sleep. The most important for parents and teachers will be timely notice the first manifestations of stress development The child has. In this case, the psychologist needs to talk with the child, and his parents will need to spend as much time with him as possible in conversations and games.
Worms. This reason may be relevant only if the child receives complaints about the stomach. In order to make sure the presence of worms, it is recommended to go to the hospital and pass the tests there. Do not self-medicate, as you can only exacerbate the situation.
Also, bruxism in children is manifested:
- when teething milk teeth;
- after the loss of milk teeth and at the beginning of the eruption of the molars.
In order to timely identify bruxism, you must constantly monitor the sleeping child. By itself, bruxism is not harmful, but may be evidence of the presence of more important violations.
The moments of the manifestation of bruxism usually last 10 seconds, however, they can repeat several times during the night and are accompanied by the sounds of gnashing or clicking teeth. As a rule, these signs can be noticed only by close relatives of patients, because in a dream a person cannot independently control his condition and wake up from the squeak. Often an attack of gnashing of teeth is accompanied by a violation of breathing, pulse and blood pressure.
In the morning, people suffering from bruxism may experience toothache, facial myalgia, jaw pain, drowsiness, headache, dizziness. If the disease lasts long enough, the person develops hyperesthesia of the teeth, abnormal abrasion of teeth, wedge-shaped defectsfractures crowns of teeth, chipped and cracked enamel. Subsequently, the injury of the circulatory tissue in bruxism, contributes to the development of inflammation in periodontal tissues, loosening and even tooth loss. Uncontrolled load on the teeth is too high, it causes the occurrence of chipped fillings and restorations, ceramics of artificial crowns.
Treatment and prevention of bruxism in children and adults
The most important task in the treatment of bruxism is to help relax the masticatory muscles. Due to a certain difficulty in identifying the disease, it is quite difficult to treat it. The most suitable method of treatment is selected only by a specialist doctor, relying on the form, degree and nature of the development of bruxism.
It is assumed that bruxism in young children can pass by itself. Adults suffering from this disease should approach the issue of treatment with full responsibility. It should be noted that the earlier bruxism is diagnosed, the easier and more effective its treatment can be.
The treatment of such bruxism requires the special attention of the patient to his everyday habits. It is necessary to try to avoid the squeak in case of nervous tension and to minimize the chewing movements at the beginning of excitement. Wherein psychotherapy may be the best way to help, revealing conflicts, promoting awareness of them and effectively overcoming daily life difficulties. Casual stress, which is the main cause of daytime bruxism, can be healed by applying methods such as a warm bath, relaxing music, a walk in the fresh air, reading books. You will probably also need a psychologist's consultation in order for the treatment to be most effective.
Therapy of nocturnal bruxism, in which the patient does not have the ability to control himself, is usually carried out with the help of a special nightcap. It is a forearm, made of rubber or soft plastic, which protect the teeth from erasing during sleep, in case of manifestations of attacks of bruxism.
Cap is made on the impression of teeth, individually for each, and then in the mouth Fitted to the dentition. With bouts of bruxism, the kappa erase instead of enamel, taking all the pressure on yourself.
Sometimes, the patient recommended regular intake of calcium supplements, magnesium and vitamins of group B, contributing to the decrease in sleep during the convulsive activity of the masticatory muscles.
Orthodontic treatment can be indicated if bruxism occurs due to bite defects.
Prevention of occurrence
In order not only to get rid of bruxism and significantly reduce the number of attacks, but also to avoid its occurrence, you should follow these simple guidelines.
- As often as possible should take a warm bath before going to bed at night.
- Periodically apply a warm wet compress to the lower jawThat will help reduce the tension of the masticatory muscles and relieve muscle pain.
- Try to avoid negative experiences and participation in stressful situations.
- Do not close your teeth unnecessarily.
- As often as possible to give rest to the jaws.
- Before bedtime you should do something calm, for example, listen to slow music, read a book. It is also worth avoiding before sleep the actions that excite the nervous system.
- At night you need to eat solid fruits, which will help to tire and calm the muscles in a dream. You should not eat foods rich in caffeine and carbohydrates, as this can cause arousal of the whole organism.