Implants are one of the most demanded types of services in dentistry. Over the years, people have been forced to replace teeth that have fallen out with bridges. But modern medicine does not stand still, and now it is possible to perform implantation non-surgical, in the absence of contraindications. The price of this service is quite high.
Features of the procedure
To install implants, you need to contact a clinic that specializes in this. From the qualifications of the doctor and the quality of the equipment, will depend directly on the life of the new tooth. The implant is metal rod screwed into the bonewhich is located on the site of the extracted tooth. He performs the role of the root, which then wear a crown. Implants are an excellent alternative to a missing tooth. If the technologies were followed during the installation, then such a construction can serve for a very long time.
Classical implantation is carried out in 2 stages:
- Implantation of a metal rod in the bone tissue.
- Implant installation
The complete procedure for installing artificial teeth can take up to 6 months. But thanks to new technologies, in many clinics a new service of express implantation has appeared. It is enough for her to visit the doctor once.
There are cases when dental implants cannot be performed. There are relative and absolute contraindications. In the first case, the procedure can be carried out with the elimination of factors, in the second - under no circumstances.
Absolute contraindications of implantation:
- Malignant tumor - an intervention can trigger a disease.
- Blood disorders - during the procedure, bleeding may appear that cannot be stopped.
- Diabetes mellitus and adrenal gland diseases.
- Schizophrenia, psychosis, dementia.
- Pathology of immunity - thymic hypoplasia, lupus erythematosus.
- Chronic stomatitis.
Relative contraindications of implantation:
- Tooth decay.
- Arthritis of the jaw joint.
- Periodontal disease - marginal periodontitis, gingivitis.
Not recommended non-surgical implantation of teeth during pregnancy. People who abuse cigarettes, alcohol, coffee cannot undergo the procedure. But if these factors are eliminated, then there will be no obstacles to the installation of artificial teeth.
The design of implants consists of several parts. The first is a pin that twists into bone tissue. It replaces the root of the tooth and holds the implant in place. The second part is the abutment, the direct installation of the crown goes on it.
Despite the same design There are many options for implants. The most common type - titanium. The popularity of this material is due to its biological compatibility and anti-corrosion properties. The use of this metal significantly reduces the likelihood of bone destruction.
Root pins are applied only in those caseswhen the patient has enough bone tissue. The classic design of implants resembles a threaded cylinder. They are divided into cylindrical and screw. The implantation of the second is easier and with less complications. This is confirmed by numerous patient reviews.
Root pins vary in texture and thread shape. This is done to ensure better fixation in the jaw.
If for some reason root implants cannot be used, they can be replaced:
- Edontically stabilized.
- Intra mucous.
All these types of implants are used if there is a decrease in bone tissue or other contraindications. Plate pins are used for end defects or when the patient has a narrow jaw. The combined implant is used in the elimination of significant defects in the teeth. Their design combines laminar and root variants.
In addition to intraosseous, there are also subnacular (subperiosteal), intramucous rods, endodontically stabilized. The former are used when the alveolar processes are heavily thinned and set between the periosteum and the bone. The latter are attached through the roots of the teeth. This reduces the impact on the mucous and because of what the healing process goes faster. In cases when it is necessary to stabilize a removable denture, intra mucous dental implantation is used.
When the teeth are removed, the bone tissue begins to break down and in the first two years it decreases by 60%.
Types of implantation
There are several options for installing teeth. Most doctors recommend a one-step procedure implantation. This means that a pin is inserted in place of the extracted tooth. The procedure can be done with a delay of 2 months, but this must be discussed with the doctor in advance. Therefore, it is very important to choose a clinic carefully and should not be selected at the lowest price.
Usually, implantation is carried out in 2 stages. First, a rod is placed in the bone and a break of several months is made. And only after complete healing, the following steps are performed.
Express methods (non-surgical)
Modern clinics offer new ways to install dental implants that significantly reduce the time compared to conventional ones. The procedure is carried out for one visit to the doctor and you need several more visits to check.
Types of implantation:
- With instant load.
- Mini implantation.
The choice of a suitable method of dental implantation is carried out by a doctor
Instant Implants considered the most aesthetic, as the tooth is set immediately. But it can only be used if there is sufficient bone tissue in the patient. Another significant plus of this method, it does not affect the adjacent teeth. Usually the price for this procedure is higher than the rest.
Mini implantation used for the restoration of the entire dentition using 4 pins. The procedure does not require the presence of bone tissue in large volumes. And due to the small size of the implants, after installation, no edema is formed and a removable denture is immediately mounted on the pins. But there is also a minus for such a procedure, the service life is only 10 years.
With help non-surgical basal implantationmay simultaneously restore a large number of teeth. Dentures are installed within 3 days after implantation. The design reliably fixes the teeth and prevents displacement. Once the basal implants are installed, you can chew.
The classical procedure makes it possible to simultaneously restore any number of teeth. But the installation time may take 6 months.
Procedure cost made up of many factors: the popularity of the clinic, the qualifications of doctors, the quality of materials. As a result, the final price for one tooth ranges from 13 thousand to 60 thousand rubles. In St. Petersburg, the minimum cost for non-surgical implantation is 25 thousand rubles. The type of construction affects the total cost. The use of implants from Alpha Bio, MIS will cost - from 16 thousand rubles, and Nobel Biocare - from 31 thousand rubles. The price is also affected by the procedure for increasing bone tissue.
Fast implantation has many advantages compared to the classic: there is no need for long-term rehabilitation, the gingival surface remains intact, the blood circulation is not disturbed, there are no painful sensations and edema. Doctors recommend this method to people with bone problems and periodontitis. The price of peremptory implantation is quite high, but you should not save on your health.