At present, our technologies in various industries are developing at a very fast pace. They are not standing still, so they are constantly moving forward, including new opportunities. This is a big plus in human life. It is possible that medicine is not far behind in the discovery of new technologies. Especially important branch is dentistry, which is in great demand. In our article we will tell you about the technology that has the name of orthopantomogram.
First we will look at the definition of orthopantomography. Orthopantomography is a primary X-ray examination that diagnoses the jaws and oral cavity. If it is simpler to say, this is a panoramic picture, by which one can study the condition of not only the roots of the teeth, but also their rudiments. This picture is taken on a device called an orthopantomograph.
Examination with orthopantomogram
First of all it should be noted that the orthopantomogram (OPG) is X-ray, due to which two rows of teeth are clearly visible, as well as the structure of the jaw, nasal sinuses and maxillary joint. Also, the orthopantomogram is reduced OPG - which means - "panoramic image of the dental system". In this snapshot, the dentist can give you complete oral information and draw appropriate conclusions. The advantage is that this procedure is absolutely painless and should not be afraid of it.
With orthopantogram can be done examination of such areas of the oral cavity, as:
- the structure and structure of the upper jaw;
- the structure and structure of the lower jaw;
- sinuses of the nose, that is, paranasal or maxillary sinuses;
- condition of bone tissue;
- detection of bite defects;
- damage to the maxillary joint.
Indications and Types of OPG
There are two types of OPG:
- Digital - this view allows you to get high-quality images with minimal exposure and harm to human health. At the moment, these images are processed on special applications, after which they are recorded on modern media.
- Film - this type is obsolete and is now very rarely used. But it is safe to say that he laid the foundation on which people have achieved a qualitative diagnosis of teeth.
From the above, you can highlight the advantages of digital orthopantomogram. To take pictures, a digital device takes much less time than a film one. Consequently, patient exposure is reduced by 90%. The speed of image acquisition is very high, which is also important, since there is no need for the development and printing of the image. A huge advantage is that the panoramic picture is not taken repeatedly if problems arise in the process of film development. And this is a very important thing for the preservation of human health.
Digital snapshot makes it possible to consider it in more detail. Because, if necessary, it is increased to see all the deviations and nuances in the area being studied and studied. All received digital images are in the computer, which is very convenient in work, as they are always at hand, and not in the archive or file of the patient. And the most important thing is that a snapshot of the teeth immediately goes to the attending physician. This can be done by resorting to electronic data transmission.
Consider the main indications for carrying out OPTG:
- Identification and diagnosis of caries.
- Specify the number of teeth and their position.
- Study of the size and shape of tooth germs and horses.
- Determination of the age of the teeth.
- Evaluation of gums for dental implants.
When is this procedure necessary? This picture is assigned necessary for the dentist, if the person is to implant. It will have to be done twice: before and after implantation. Since the dentist must be convinced of the successful result of the operation.
Why do we need orthopantomogram of dentition?
Of paramount importance is the orthopantomogram, which is necessary for the implementation of the implantation of the dentition. This picture allows you to study the bone tissue of the teeth and determine its density and volume, the condition of the dental roots, their placement, examine and evaluate the condition of the maxillary sinuses, and then select the implant suitable for the patient. All this will facilitate the work during surgery.
Anyway, the orthopantomogram helps the doctor to develop a correct and professional method of treating a patient. Consequently, a panoramic picture will indicate to the doctor the location of the teeth in the jaw, as well as not erupted teeth in children and “wisdom” teeth in adults, to determine the stage of their growth, what is the degree of formation of the roots of the teeth. Also, a panoramic picture of the dentist determines the position and shape of the jawbone, the structure of the soft tissues that surround the teeth, state and symmetry temporomandibular joints. On this basis, the doctor determines the ratio of the dentition with the mandibular nerve and maxillary sinuses. It gives an assessment of the condition of the seals and the quality of the canal filling.
Dental complex surgery to implant and correct the causes of dental pathology can be dangerous due to the development of complications. And to prevent this, it is necessary to make a control image of the orthopantomogram. This will enable the doctor not only to perform his work at a high level, but also to avoid the risk of postoperative effects or reduce them to a minimum.
Contraindications orthopantomogram when performing
The risk of an orthopantomogram can be attributed to the irradiation of the body during the procedure. But as already noted, it is minimal and safe for the patient. But during pregnancy should be prudent to consider the need for a procedure.
In some pregnant women with a hung need for calcium in the body, deteriorating dental health. Therefore, the general advice to future moms is to perform all the necessary oral cavity prevention at the stage of preparation for pregnancy. But if this was not done in advance, then therapy on this issue should be undertaken with your doctor. Although the risk of exposure is minimal, it should still be postponed for the postpartum period.
The second risk group for orthopantomograms may be pediatric patients. But doctors believe that panoramic images are necessary for diagnosis and justified in treating children. These images provide the most important information to the doctor about the teeth and gums of children.
Now an orthopantomogram can be done at any dental clinic in Moscow that provides such services. There are many such clinics in Moscow and any person can easily take a panoramic picture to diagnose the oral cavity.
For example, such Medical centers can be found at:
- Family doctor: m. Sportivnaya, st. Usacheva 33с3
- Dr. Jacques Dental Center: Perovo Metro, Federated Avenue, 7sq1
- Vanson: m. Airport, Leningradsky Avenue, 45kv3
These clinics are a new generation, modern technology and highly qualified specialists.
Thanks to the medical centers of Moscow, which give a beautiful smile and healthy white teeth.