Thrush in the mouth is common among both adults and children older than one year. The causes of this disease are injuries of the mucous membrane, increased acidity and even immunity disorders. Pediatric thrush is often triggered by an immature mucous membrane, and thrush in the mouth in adults is most often the result of chronic diseases and the use of potent drugs.
In addition, thrush in the mouth or candidiasis is very common among smokers.
This disease can damage the corners of the mouth, gums, cheeks, mouth, or larynx. The causative agent of the disease are certain types of fungus Candida. It is worth noting that not every case of the appearance in the mouth of the fungus contributes to the appearance of milkmen, it appears only in less than 10% of cases. Candidiasis is a white plaque protruding above the mucous membrane, and resembles sour milk.
Symptoms and causes of thrush in the mouth
Note that a small amount of fungi is practically present in the body of every person who does not suffer from candidiasis, dysbacteriosis, or thrush in the mouth, but other factors that reduce the body’s natural defenses and disrupt the balance of microorganisms cause it. So, thrush in the mouth can be triggered by such diseases and causes:
- chronic mucosal diseases;
- pathogenic paradontal pockets;
- metabolic disease;
- living in poor environmental areas;
- improper dental prosthetics;
- frequent nervous breakdowns;
- dry mouth;
- infectious diseases;
- blood diseases;
- gastric diseases.
Some symptoms of thrush tend to develop at an incredible rate of increase. Among the most common symptoms are:
- white discharge protruding on the cheeks, tongue, throat, or palate;
- pain when taking sharp or salty foods;
- long speech;
- dry mouth;
- swollen mucosa;
- enlarged papillae on tongue;
- sharp smell from the mouth.
So, if the disease appeared not long ago, characteristic white discharge it can be removed easily, and in case of a long-term illness the mucous membrane begins to bleed and become covered with ulcers.
Candidiasis in the mouth in adults
Features and symptoms
Candidosis in the mouth in adults is much less common than in children, while more often it appears in womenIn particular, infection can occur during pregnancy, when hormonal changes. And among men, smokers are primarily affected by this disease. Thrush in the mouth in adults can also be triggered by a gastrointestinal infection or due to permanent damage to the mucous membrane in the mouth, most often due to the irregular shape of the prostheses. In adults, candidiasis in the mouth is characterized by the following symptoms:
- white plaque in the mouth;
- painful sensations;
- change of taste;
- metallic taste in the mouth;
- feeling of food getting stuck;
In children: features
Often, newborn babies are susceptible to oral candidiasis due to infection in the birth canal of their mother during childbirth. Also, the disease may occur due to the negligence of medical staff in the hospital, who does not follow the rules of hygiene. Since the mucous in children is still too immature, and the acid balance has not yet returned to normal, children are prone to the appearance of thrush in the mouth much more often than adults. Among the manifestations of the disease - grains in baby's mouthresembling cottage cheese. There is no unpleasant smell. The most important thing is to identify the disease in time and take appropriate measures, to take care of the baby more closely. With the running form, candida in the mouth will cause the baby pain, it will become too naughty and may come from the chest or the mixture.
Treatment: folk methods and conventional treatment
Most often at the first manifestations of the disease recommend taking local medicine Candide for mouth. In order for the medicine to work as efficiently as possible, they should not just sprinkle the cavity, but make compresses for the mouth based on it. This drug is suitable for both adults and children. To put it on the baby's mouth, you should drop 10–20 drops of money on a cotton swab and treat the affected areas of the baby’s mouth with it. As for folk remedies for thrush in the mouth, then for both children and adult patients such infusions are suitable:
- collection № 235 - brew two tablespoons in half a cup and insist for 12 hours, ready to rinse the mouth cavity with the infusion;
- taking garlic and onions will stop the reproduction of fungi and kill them;
- tinctures based on rosanol, calendula, chlorophilipt, oak bark and other healing herbal remedies.
If the stage is such that neither ointment nor folk remedies help, then should see a doctorwho will prescribe an individual treatment system based on antifungal agents. The doctor decides on the treatment depending on the cause of thrush. For example, if it appeared as a result of taking some medicine, then it should be replaced by another analogue, which will not give such side effects. Also, as a treatment, the doctor may prescribe a special diet for the patient, which will suggest minimum amount of carbohydrates and acidic foods, and also increase in the consumed vitamins. Among the recommended products are rice, white bread, sugar, products with the presence of prebiotics. Treatment of thrush is carried out within two weeks, regardless of whether they disappear during this time or years, so that relapses of the disease do not occur in the future.
Varieties of thrush
Oral candidiasis has the following common varieties:
- thrush on the gums;
- oropharyngeal candidiasis;
- thrush on the corners of the mouth.
Now tell about each of the varieties in more detail.
In vain, many young mothers after the birth of the baby believe that the white plaque in the child’s mouth is curdled milk and there is no cause for concern. Most often, such a manifestation has thrush gums, which for newborns - not a rare phenomenon, especially when the mother of the child during pregnancy had some form of fungal disease, or it manifested itself during childbirth. Manifestations of gingival candidiasis in adults are the cause of improper dental hygiene, also the result of oral contraceptive use. Smokers and people who wear artificial limbs are exposed to the disease. It is because of the last cause of gum candidiasis that older people are often exposed. Treatment methods for this type of candidiasis are the same as described earlier. But, among other things, the patient with this disease must brush my teeth at least two times a day.If you wear dentures, they should always be removed before going to bed, rinsed and brushed, leaving them overnight in a chlorhexidine solution. After you put the dentures back in the morning, they cannot be cleaned for too long with fluorine-based pastes so as not to weaken the effect of chlorhexidine.
This kind of oral candidiasis is prevalent mainly among adults, since most often it appears as a result of taking antibiotics and antibacterial drugs. Because of the use of these drugs, the beneficial microflora of the oral cavity is suppressed, and pathogenic bacteria, including Candida, begin to develop instead. That is why the disease among those undergoing intensive treatment is becoming more common. A feature of this type of candidiasis is that it is extremely difficult to identify in the early stages. The patient's temperature remains at the same level, there is no change in taste, and the white discharge is too small to pay attention to. Most often, this form of thrush passes independently after the completion of the course of taking aggressive drugs. In advanced cases, immunostimulants and antimycotics are used for treatment.
Candidiasis on the corners of the mouth
This form of the disease is the least common. At first, it appears as small cracks appearing in the corners of the mouth, which can grow over time. The causes of the disease are:
- the presence of deep folds on the skin;
- profuse salivation;
- with a constant licking of the lips;
- teeth of irregular shape, capable of disrupting the integrity of the mucous membrane;
- dentist's errors in prosthetics, which led to a change in the bite of the teeth.
Places of damage on the corners of the lips becomes more loose, often there is a white patina, then on these places cracks begin to appearwhich can grow over time. A person experiences pain when opening the mouth, which also provokes bleeding from cracks. If you have these symptoms, you should consult a doctor to prescribe a cream and ointment for treatment. In addition, treatment is accompanied by the intake of vitamins and immunomodulatory drugs.
Preventive measures to prevent the disease
In order to prevent disease in children, parents should follow these rules:
- take a shower by yourself and bathe the baby;
- when breastfeeding, the mother should wash her nipples;
- sterilization of children's dishes and bottles;
- do not take a bath with the baby and do not take his nipples or bottles in his mouth;
- enriching the diet of an older child with dairy products.
And for the purpose of prophylaxis, adults should timely treat chronic diseases, maintain their immunity, follow the rules of dental hygiene both for their teeth and when wearing prostheses. Thrush occurs when immunity decreases in both children and adults, and in order to maintain it at the proper level, the rules are very simple: to spend more time outside and eat right, then you will not be afraid of candidosis.